Although rare, retinoblastoma is the most common eye cancer in children.
Retinoblastoma affects the retina. Tumors can develop in one eye or both eyes.
It occurs in both girls and boys equally.
The most common symptom is leukocoria (a white pupil with direct light). Other symptoms include uneven pupils, poor vision, and enlarged pupils.
Most are diagnosed under age 5.
Treatment can include chemotherapy, surgery, radiation, laser therapy, and cryotherapy.
Retinoblastoma has a >95% survival rate in developed countries when appropriately treated.